Tag Archives: Corpus Christi

Morning Glory

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You have to be up early to beat the crowds on the feast of Corpus Christi. The population of the small town of Spello is around 8,000, but on this day it swells to around 80,000. Droves of people arrive in coaches and cars or on foot to see the spectacular displays of pictures created with flowers. Spello’s biggest festival, the Infiorata, is underway.

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Around 2 kilometres of floral carpets cover Spello’s winding streets, alleyways and squares. Those in the tiny alleys are long and narrow….

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They follow the contours of the streets….

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This one was clearly inspired by Matisse….

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In the squares, the pictures were spread over a larger area….

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It is hard to believe that these detailed flower carpets are created using only leaves, flower petals, herbs and seeds. But they are; last year we were fortunate enough to be involved with the production of one of these masterpieces, picking flowers out in the fields and on the mountainside.

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When you look closely you can see how the layers of colour are built up.

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Here ballet dancers pirouette across the street, under a scroll of musical notes….

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Saint Francis of Assisi was a popular subject this year; Assisi is just a few miles away and, in addition, the Pope adopted the name of Francis in remembrance of this Saint who was dedicated to the poor. See how Saint Francis’ beard has been created, texture added with tiny twigs….

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Most of the pictures have a religious theme. One of my favourites showed the Archangel Michael smiting the devil. Look at the devil’s face – the detail is incredible.

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Pictures are created by teams of people, largely from Spello. For weeks before the event, they pick flowers, grind dried petals and collect seeds and herbs. In the final hours, fresh flower petals are gathered. The designs are kept secret until the last possible moment as there is a competitive element. There are several different categories, including one for the under 14 age group. Just look at what they produced….

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Designs are either drawn in chalk on the road surface or sketched on a paper sheet which is then stuck to the ground. Other than that, no glue is allowed – all of the flowers and seeds are placed directly onto the surface. The way in which faces are portrayed is particularly fascinating. See how this eye seems to look straight at you….

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This entwined couple had eyes only for each other….

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A colourful tree had three dimensional leaves and butterflies….

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In this depiction of the Garden of Gethsemane, the leaves of the olive tree were placed right side up and then inverted to look like leaves rippling in the breeze….

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The work on the pictures starts on Saturday afternoon. People work all night under arc lamps swung across the streets. By 8 o’clock the following morning, everything is completed. Crowds had already started to arrive as the final touches were added.

A limited colour palette did not impede the finished design…

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This peacock was pleased as punch with his colourful feathers….

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….whilst these sleeping beauties were oblivious to the noise of the crowds!

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There were three-dimensional towers….

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….and towers bathed in moonlight….

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Tiny people gathered under arches….

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Even the local digger was decorated for the celebrations!

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At around 11 o’clock on Sunday morning there was a procession through the streets.

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By Sunday evening, all of the flowers have been washed from the streets. The transient nature of the wonderful floral creations only adds to their interest. Spello’s Infiorata is a truly unique experience.

For more details of the preparations for the festival and photos of last year’s creations, click on the link below.

Daisy Petal Picking

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Nothing But Flowers

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Spello’s biggest festival – the Infiorata – takes place this weekend. It marks the celebration of the Catholic feast of Corpus Christi which this year falls on June 22. The link below will take you to my post a year ago which described the preparations for the festival and had lots of photos of last year’s event.

Daisy Petal Picking

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I will write about this year’s Infiorata after the weekend. But now every window box, every alleyway and every corner is bright with flowers in preparation for the celebration.

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Walk with me around the streets and enjoy some of the beautiful flowers, rainbow bright….

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….shades of green….

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….stylish window boxes….

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….huge cacti flowers bursting into bloom, reaching for the sunlight….

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….bowls of tiny blossoms, a mass of colours….

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….and vibrant purple against a green palm….

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Let’s hope the sun keeps shining as the beautiful carpets of flowers are laid in Spello’s streets, squares and alleyways. Prepare yourself to be amazed by these exquisite creations in my next post.

Daisy Petal Pickin’

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Spello’s most important festival, the Infiorata, takes place on the feast of Corpus Christi when Catholics celebrate the tradition of the body and blood of Christ. The citizens of Spello gather together to create magnificent pictures along the streets and squares of the old town, using only flower petals, leaves and herbs. Spello’s festival is the biggest of its kind in the whole of Italy.

The tradition of floral celebrations may have its origins in Roman times when large numbers of scented petals were strewn before conquering generals. The feast of Flora, the Roman goddess of flowers, was also celebrated in May, when wreaths of flowers were worn in the hair.

Spello Corpus Christi Procession

Spello Corpus Christi Procession

Records of floral carpets in Spello can be traced back to the early 19th century. A painting by Benvenuto Crispoldi, artist and mayor of the town, depicts the Corpus Christi procession walking over flower carpets. The form of the modern Infiorata came about when in 1930 a woman drew a figure in the street and decorated it with flowers and vegetables. Since then, the people of Spello have challenged themselves to create more and more spectacular floral pictures.

Spello Infiorata: Flower Carpet

Spello Infiorata: Flower Carpet, “Noah’s Ark”

Around 2 kilometers of floral carpets are created by more than 40 groups of 5 or more residents in the streets and piazzas of the old town. There is a competitive element, so designs are kept strictly within the individual groups. There is a special category for under 14s, meaning that the tradition is passed down through the generations.

Spello Infiorata: Flower Carpet, Under 14s

Spello Infiorata: Flower Carpet, Under 14s – “The Creation”

Spello Infiorata: Flower Carpet, Under 14s, detail

Spello Infiorata: Flower Carpet, Under 14s, detail “The Creation”

Spello Infiorata, under 14s

Spello Infiorata, Flower Carpet, under 14s

Mio marito and I were keen to take part in the event and to contribute in a small way to our local group, the Piazzetta della Foglie, named after the tiny piazza where the group’s activities were based.

Collecting wild flowers to be dried was the first job. For several evenings we joined other colleagues to gather baskets of flowers from the surrounding countryside. On our first outing we drove around the local area searching for roses of a particular colour. When the right roses were spotted, we screeched to a halt and asked the owners if we could take their blown roses for the Infiorata. Armed with thick gloves and secateurs it felt as though we were going equipped to steal, but without exception people welcomed us into their gardens to raid their rose petals.

We picked bright yellow broom on the mountain slopes amid stunning scenery; we could see snow on the distant mountain tops.

Spello Infiorata: Collecting Broom

Spello Infiorata: Collecting Broom

Spello Infiorata: Broom

Spello Infiorata: Broom

Spello Infiorata: Snow-capped mountains.Spello Infiorata: Snow-capped mountains.

Spello Infiorata: Tired Flower Pickers!

Spello Infiorata: Tired Flower Pickers!

Spello Infiorata: Show us your pickings!

Spello Infiorata: Show us your flowers!

We picked margaritas with their snow white petals in sun-kissed meadows……

Spello Infiorata: Margarita Meadow

Spello Infiorata: Margarita Meadow – Daisy Petal Pickin’

Spello Infiorata: Margaritas and passenger!

Spello Infiorata: Margaritas and passenger!

Spello Infiorata: Margeritas

Spello Infiorata: Margaritas

….and splendid electric blue cornflowers on the great expanse of the high plains of Collefiorito in wet and muddy conditions.

Spello Infiorata: Cornflowers

Spello Infiorata: Cornflowers

Spello Infiorata: Wild Flower Meadow - Cornflower Collection

Spello Infiorata: Wild Flower Meadow – Cornflower Collection

Others picked green foliage, seeds and herbs. As the big day approached, fresh cornflowers and margaritas, foliage and fennel fronds were gathered, as fresh petals are brighter in colour than dried ones and produce a more pleasing design.

Groups of people picked the individual petals and separated the leaves, fronds and seeds.

Spello Infiorata: Picking Petals

Spello Infiorata: Picking Petals

Spello Infiorata: Fennel Fronds

Spello Infiorata: Fennel Fronds

Petals were dried in the sun…..

Spello Infiorata: Drying Petals

Spello Infiorata: Drying Petals

…and then ground, producing an eye-catching display reminiscent of the spice markets of Marrakech.

Spello Infiorata: Ready for Action

Spello Infiorata: Ready for Action

The Infiorati – those creating the carpets of flowers – either lay a paper design on the street or simply draw an outline in chalk.

Spello Infiorata: The Design

Spello Infiorata: The Design

Spello Infiorata: The Design

Spello Infiorata: The Plan, showing the colours

Spello Infiorata: A chalked design

Spello Infiorata: A chalked design

The Infiorati fill in the designs with their petals, leaves, seeds and herbs.

Spello Infiorata: Filling in the design

Spello Infiorata: Filling in the design

Spello Infiorata: Filling in the design

Spello Infiorata: Filling in the design

Groups start on Saturday afternoon and have to complete by 8am on Sunday morning so they work throughout the night. For the larger areas, canopies and lighting are erected to protect the delicate work. Unfortunately the designs in the narrow streets have no such protection.

Spello Infiorata: Detail

Spello Infiorata: cherub detail

Spello Infiorata, cherub detail

Spello Infiorata, cherub detail

In the early hours of Sunday morning there was a torrential downpour of rain and many of the flowers were washed away. Most groups managed to restart their work, and in recognition of the weather conditions they were allowed an extra hour to finish. The enthusiasm and passion of everyone involved in preparing for and producing these sophisticated, scented masterpieces was really impressive.

We rose before dawn to see the sunrise and to watch the final touches being added.

Spello Infiorata: Sunrise

Spello Infiorata: Sunrise

The themes are largely religious……

Spello Infiorata: Flower Carpet - Pope Francis, St Francis of Assisi and St Peter's Basilica, Rome

Spello Infiorata: Flower Carpet – Pope Francis, St Francis of Assisi and St Peter’s Basilica, Rome

Look at how the effect of grey hair and the realistic skin tones are achieved.

Spello Infiorata: The Holy Family. Look at the grey hair effect!

Spello Infiorata: The Holy Family.

Spello Infiorata: Flower Carpet detail

Spello Infiorata: Flower Carpet detail

Spello Infiorata: Flower Carpet, Jesus with crown of thorns

Spello Infiorata: Flower Carpet, Jesus with crown of thorns

……although there are also colourful geometric designs.

Spello Infiorata: A geometric patterned carpet winds up and around a narrow alley

Spello Infiorata: A geometric patterned carpet winds up and around a narrow alley

Spello Infiorata: A narrow carpet in a narrow alley

Spello Infiorata: A narrow carpet in a narrow street

Spello Infiorata: Floral Carpet

Spello Infiorata: Floral Carpet

There are strict rules to be followed: large designs must cover 24 square metres whilst those in the narrow streets must be 12 square metres. Flower petals – fresh or dried – foliage, herbs and seeds are the only materials. No glue is allowed. They prayed it would not be windy!

This was the carpet that mio marito and I made a small contribution to. Laid in our narrow street, it was in the form of a watch. Individual segments illustrated points during the day and the watch face at the centre showed the face of Jesus in shadow. The message was one of prayer throughout the course of the ordinary day.

Spello Infiorata: Flower Carpet

Spello Infiorata: Flower Carpet

The technical difficulty is apparent when you look at the detail of, for example, the clock on the wall and the filing cabinets.

Spello Infiorata: Flower Carpet, detail

Spello Infiorata: Flower Carpet, detail

One of my favourites used the contours of the small square to wonderful effect. Even the water fountain was covered with flowers.

Spello Infiorata: Flower Carpet

Spello Infiorata: Flower Carpet, “Never Lose Hope”

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Different effects were produced by layering petals, giving pictures depth and texture.

Spello Infiorata: Flower Carpet

Spello Infiorata: Flower Carpet

Bright colours and exquisite designs were all around the old town.

Spello Infiorata: Flower Carpet

Spello Infiorata: Flower Carpet

Spello Infiorata: Flower Carpet

Spello Infiorata: Flower Carpet

Spello Infiorata, detail

Spello Infiorata, detail

Spello Infiorata: Flower Carpet

Spello Infiorata: Flower Carpet

Spello Infiorata: Flower Carpet

Spello Infiorata: Flower Carpet showing the Basilica of St Francis in Assisi

It is hard to believe that these pictures are created entirely with flowers; they look like beautiful paintings. But look closely and you will see the individual petals.

Spello Infiorata: Flower Carpet

Spello Infiorata: Flower Carpet

Spello Infiorata: Flower Carpet

Spello Infiorata: Flower Carpet

As well as the extravagant floral carpet displays, there are a number of other concurrent events, such as musical performances, competitions for the best floral cake design and the best flower-themed needlework and competitions for the most attractive window-boxes, balconies and alleyways. Even the restaurants serve food inspired by flowers.

Spello Infiorata: Balcony Display

Spello Infiorata: Balcony Display

Spello Infiorata: Alley with strewn petals

Spello Infiorata: Alley with strewn petals

Despite the forecast, the weather was brilliant for the entire day. In 2012 there were 80,000 visitors to the Infiorata. I have no idea how many turned up this year, but turn up they did – in their droves. Tiny Spello hummed with their chatter and exclamations of delight!

Spello Infiorata: Here comes the crowd!

Spello Infiorata: Here comes the crowd!

Coaches disgorged streams of happy visitors, cars queued to get in at the outskirts of the town and the people of Spello welcomed them all, free of charge. Bars that had stayed open throughout Saturday night to feed the Infiorati were still open on Sunday to refresh the travellers.

Following the celebration of a religious service to mark Corpus Christi, there is a flamboyant procession through the old town across the floral carpets led by the local bishop and his entourage.

Spello Infiorata: Corpus Christi Procession

Spello Infiorata: Corpus Christi Procession

Spello Infiorata: Corpus Christi Procession

Spello Infiorata: Corpus Christi Procession

The skills of the Infiorati are highly prized and they have been called upon previously to create floral masterpieces in Rome and Venice. The latest commission is to provide a carpet of flowers to celebrate the visit of Pope Francis to Assisi in October. The flower gathering has already begun.

Spello Infiorata: Flower Carpet detail

Spello Infiorata: Flower Carpet detail